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详解英语动名词的用法!

日期: 2018-08-29
浏览次数: 1483

    英语动名词它既具有动词的性质,同时具备名词的性质,因此称作动名词。下面香港现代青少儿英语给大家详解英语动名词的用法,可供各位同学们复习。


英语动名词的用法


    一. 动名词作主语、宾语和表语


    1)作主语


    Fighting broke out between the South and the North.


    南方与北方开战了。



    2)作宾语


    a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth


    admit 承认    appreciate 感激,赞赏 avoid 避免    complete 完成    consider 认为    delay 耽误    deny 否认    detest 讨厌    endure 忍受


    enjoy 喜欢    escape 逃脱    prevent阻止    fancy 想象    finish 完成    imagine 想象    mind 介意    miss 想念    postpone 推迟    practise 训练    keep 继续


    recall 回忆    resent 讨厌    resist 抵抗    resume 继续    risk 冒险    suggest 建议    face 面对    include 包括    stand 忍受    understand 理解    forgive 宽恕



    举例:


    (1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?


    (2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.



    b. 词组后接doing


    admit to   prefer…to     be used to    lead to   devote oneself to  object to   stick to   busy    look forward to(to为介词)


    no good, no use, It's worth…,  as well as,


    can't help, It's no use /good  be tired of


    be fond of  be capable of  be afraid of


    be proud of  think of / about  hold off


    put off  keep on  insist on  count on / upon


    set about  be successful in  good at  take up


    give up  burst out  prevent … from…



    3)作表语


    Her job is washing,cleaning and taking care of the children.



    二.worth 的用法


    worth,worthy,worth-while都为adj. 意为"值得"。


    1. worth: be worth + n.  当名词为金钱时,表示"…… 值得……"


    be worth doing sth. "……某事值得被做"


    The question is not worth discussing again and again.


    2. worthy:be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示"……值得……"


    be worthy to be done "某事值得被做"


    The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.


    3. worth-while: be worth-while to do sth  "值得做某事"


    worth while: It is worth while doing sth


    It is worth while sb to do sth.



    典型例题


    It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.


    A.worth B.worthy C.worth-while D.worth while


    答案C. 由worth的用法可知,此句只适合词组be worth-while to do sth.。因此选C。


    好了今天香港现代青少儿英语的分享就到这里,相信大家看完后会对动名词的用法掌握的更加透彻。

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